The main topic of this research paper is to see what are the pros and the cons in a vegan and vegetarian diet. The three main points of this research will be: why veganism and vegetarianism can be a good dietary lifestyle for some people, to educate people about the different types of veganism and vegetarianism and lastly, why some people think veganism is not healthy compared to all the other dietary options out in the world. North American citizens have recently been partaking in the veganism and vegetarianism diet just like the rest of the world has been for years and years. This research will explain all of those motives.
To begin, many articles show that veganism and vegetarianism is the right diet to adapt. First of all, according to the article “Vegetarian diets, low-meat diets and health: A review” by Claire Mc Evoy, Norman J. Temple and Jayne Woodside, most people who do not eat any meat or any animal products are slimmer and appear to be healthier. According to Gary Frazier from the article, “Vegetarian diets: what do we know of their effects on common chronic diseases?” Results have shown that vegetarians groups compared to other populations have less risk of CHD and many specific cancers and have a greater life expansions then meat eaters in the same communities. Vegans and Vegetarians have a lower body weight then people who eat meat. According to Timothy J. Key, in the article, “ Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets”, the reasons for the differences of weight with veggies and non veggies are not understood completely, however it may include differences in the composition of the diet such as a higher fiber intake and a lower protein intake. (Spencer et al. 2003).
Second of all, it is a way to make a progression in life for environmental reasons and to save the animals. Robert Goodland the author of the article, “Environmental sustainability in agriculture diet matters”, explains that what we eat impacts the environment tremendously. Meat eaters will soon be taxed very high for buying pork and beef. And poultry, eggs and dairy will be moderately taxed. These fruitarians are thinking about the planet and want to save the world they live in. They are trying to send a message to people. Also, they’re many different types of vegans and vegetarians. Alexandra Jamieson an author from the “Dummies” collection described three other kinds that are: Semi-Vegetarians, “Someone who is cutting back on his or her intake on meat. A pollo vegetarian avoids red meat and fish but eats chicken. A pesco pollo vegetarian avoids red meat but eats chicken and fish. Lacto ovo vegetarian “ excludes meat, fish and poultry but includes dairy products and eggs”. Lastly, Lacto vegetarian: “ they exclude, meat, fish and poultry as well as eggs. But they will eat milk, yogurt and cheese.” There are many different types of veggies in the world and people usually pick the one that suits them the most and the one that is the easiest for them
Third, some people seem to not like to hurt animals. Some people do not want to see an animal getting killed but they do not mind eating them when they are packaged at the grocery store. One solution to this conflict is to stop eating meat. Even if meat tastes good, there are many different substitutes just as good today. In an article by Rhea Parsons, there is a list of substitutes for meat and dairy products. Tofu and tempeh are plant-based and are made from soybeans. TVP or texturized vegetable proteins are also made of soy. Seitan is made of wheat gluten. All of these are perfect alternatives. Additionally, mushrooms are a great replacement when someone wants the texture and taste of meat. If vegans and vegetarians eat some of those foods everyday their vitamin and protein intake will not be a problem because all of those foods have the same type of nutrition as meat does. According to Reed Mangels, calcium is found in dark green leafy vegetables, tofu made with calcium sulfate, calcium-fortified soymilk and orange juice. For B12 some people take some B12 pills to get their daily intake, however there are some other alternatives like some types of seaweed, yeast extract, soya products, breakfast cereal, bread and meat-substitutes. For protein, Amanda MacMillan says that protein breaks down into amino acids that promote cell growth and repair. Protein does not only come from meat and dairy but can also come from other food that veggies can enjoy. One cup of green peas is the same as milk. Quinoa includes all nine essential amino acids that the body needs for growth and repair. Nuts and nut butter contain fats and protein. Beans have a very high amount of protein as well.
There are two different reasons why people stop eating meat. The first one is the people that want to do it for health reasons. They want to lose weight and be healthier. These veggies think that eating meat is what causes their health issues so they completely cutback on it. The second is the ones who stop eating meat for ethical reasons. They believe in saving the environment and the animals. They also hate the factory farms because they feel what they are doing to the animals is cruel and not necessary and that they should be equal to humans. They feel that it will make a difference if people stop eating meat and any sort of animal products. According to Evelyn B.Pluhar, the author of “ Meat and Morality: Alternatives to Factory Farming”, “scientist have shown that the practice of factory farming is an increasingly urgent danger to human health, the environment and nonhuman animal welfare.” According to the U.S Department of Agriculture, 10.378 billion U.S land animals were slaughtered for food in 2007 (World Far, Animal 2008). The world is doubling their want for meat every couple of years. With the growth of our population this can be a big problem.
According to the article “Health, ethics and environment: A qualitative study of vegetarian motivations”, veganism is not a healthy lifestyle. Because they do not eat any fish, poultry and eggs they lack zinc, vitamin B12 and protein so they would need to obtain alternative sources. (Davies & Lightowler, 1997) It can be easy to have all the nutrients if the person makes sure they eat everything they should to stay healthy as mentioned in the previous paragraphs. However, it is easy to let go and not eat the right foods to have the right nutrition for the body.
To conclude, the benefits of eating vegan or vegetarian base diet are quite huge. There are many different ways of practicing these dietary lifestyles. Every individual in the world has his or her own personal opinion on what kinds of food to eat. Some people eat whatever they want and they will not think twice about what is going into their body or if it is harming our world. Some people are very severe because they want to think about the environment and other species so they will limit their food intake and eat other sorts of foods to contribute to help the world. Also there are the people that want to make a difference to help our planet but make choices on what to eat. They will cut out one or two things but will keep eating some foods that they enjoy and don’t want to stop eating. As researched, there are many different dietary lifestyles but people need to make sure to intake the proper nutrients so it does not harm them in the long process.
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